Natural Gas: A Lesson on Density of a Gas

Strand/Standard 8.1.5 Develop a model that uses computational thinking to illustrate cause and effect relationships in particle motion, temperature, density, and state of a pure substance when heat energy is added or removed. Emphasize molecular-level models of solids, liquids, and gases to show how adding or removing heat energy can result in phase changes, and focus on calculating the density of a substance’s state. (PS3.A)

 

Lesson Performance Expectations

Students will be mathematically determine the density of a gas at 2 different temperatures.

Minerals in Our Daily Lives

Strand/Standard 8.4.1 Construct a scientific explanation based on evidence that shows that the uneven distribution of Earth’s mineral, energy, and groundwater resources is caused by geological processes. Examples of uneven distribution of resources could include Utah’s unique geologic history that led to the formation and irregular distribution of natural resources like copper, gold, natural gas, oil shale, silver, and uranium. (ESS3.A)

 

Lesson Performance Expectations

Students will explore what a mineral is, where they are found in Utah and what minerals are used for. They will construct a scientific explanation of what causes some minerals to be found in Utah while others aren’t and why the minerals found here are not distributed evenly across the state.

Coal Distribution in Utah

Strand/Standard Standard 8.4.1 Construct a scientific explanation based on evidence that shows that the uneven distribution of Earth’s mineral, energy, and groundwater resources is caused by geological processes. Examples of uneven distribution of resources could include Utah’s unique geologic history that led to the formation and irregular distribution of natural resources like copper, gold, natural gas, oil shale, silver, and uranium. (ESS3.A)

Lesson Performance Expectations

Students will compare geological maps of Utah to coal maps of Utah to determine why coal is unevenly distributed across the state.

The Many Uses of Petroleum

Strand/Standard 8.1.4 Obtain and evaluate information to describe how synthetic materials come from natural resources, what their functions are, and how society uses these new materials. Examples of synthetic materials could include medicine, food, building materials, plastics, and alternative fuels. (PS1.A, PS1.B, ESS3.A)

 

Lesson Performance Expectations

Students will obtain information about the difference between natural and synthetic materials by creating their own plastic sample from milk. They will compare it to the process of refining oil and obtain information about all the different products that are made from petroleum.

Chemistry of Combustion

Strand/Standard 8.1.3 Plan and conduct an investigation and then analyze and interpret the data to identify patterns in changes in a substance’s properties to determine whether a chemical reaction has occurred. Examples could include changes in properties such as color, density, flammability, odor, solubility, or state. (PS1.A, PS1.B)

Lesson Performance Expectations

Students will be able to explain the concept of combustion-burning of materials.

Mining and Reclamation

Strand/Standard 8.4.3 Design a solution to monitor or mitigate the potential effects of the use of natural resources. Evaluate competing design solutions using a systematic process to determine how well each solution meets the criteria and constraints of the problem. Examples of uses of the natural environment could include agriculture, conservation efforts, recreation, solar energy, and water management. (ESS3.A, ESS3.C, ETS1.A, ETS1.B, ETS1.C)

 

Lesson Performance Expectations

  • Students will develop a plan to mitigate the effects of our extraction of natural resources through mining.
  • They will develop a plan to make use of land in a way that encourages the restoration of the natural ecosystem.
  • They will identify the effects to the environment caused by the mining and research how mining reclamation has been done in the past, including specific examples from Utah.