Impacting Utah’s Air

8.4.3: Design a solution to monitor or mitigate the potential effects of the use of natural resources. Evaluate competing design solutions using a systematic process to determine how well each solution meets the criteria and constraints of the problem. Examples of uses of the natural environment could include agriculture, conservation efforts, recreation, solar energy, and water management.

Lesson Performance Expectations

Students will understand valley inversions and be able to explain why inversions occur. Students will identify the impact of PM 2.5. Students will develop a solution to use less energy and therefore produce less emissions.

 

Helium: An Important Natural Resource

8.4.1 Construct a scientific explanation based on evidence that shows that the uneven distribution of Earth’s mineral, energy, and groundwater resources is caused by geological processes.

Lesson Performance Expectations 

  • 8th-grade students will construct a scientific explanation concerning the geologic processes that support the formation of helium deposits in Utah and the world.
  • High school chemistry students will develop solutions related to well drilling of helium, it’s conservation and utilization.
  • Students will focus on the geochemistry associated with nuclear decay that produces helium in granitic rocks and why drilling is used to recover the gas. A granitic rock is a common, coarse-grained, light-colored, hard igneous rock consisting chiefly of quartz used in monuments and for building and commonly referred to as granite.
  • Igneous rock is one of the three main rock types, the others being sedimentary and metamorphic. Igneous rock is formed through the cooling and solidification of magma or lava.

Building Batteries-Middle School

8.1.2 Obtain information about various properties of matter, evaluate how different materials’ properties allow them to be used for particular functions in society and communicate your findings.

Lesson Performance Expectations

Students will investigate the construction of batteries based on how different materials react with one another to produce electricity.

Energy From Biomass

8.4.3 Design a solution to monitor or mitigate the potential effects of the use of natural resources. Evaluate competing design solutions using a systematic process to determine how well each solution meets the criteria and constraints of the problem. Examples of uses of the natural environment could include agriculture, conservation efforts, recreation, solar energy, and water management. (ESS3.A, ESS3.C, ETS1.A, ETS1.B, ETS1.C)

Lesson Performance Expectations 

Students will design a fermentation tank to reduce biomass into its component parts.

Candy Bar Core Drilling

SEEd 8.4.1 Construct a scientific explanation based on evidence that shows that the uneven distribution of Earth’s mineral, energy, and groundwater resources is caused by geological processes. Examples of uneven distribution of resources could include Utah’s unique geologic history that led to the formation and irregular distribution of natural resources like copper, gold, natural gas, oil shale, silver, and uranium. (ESS3.A)

Lesson Performance Expectations

  • Students will learn how sedimentary layers are formed by building their own rock. They will learn how scientists test what is underground by using core samples to determine whether or not the area is good for their particular needs, whether it be drilling for energy sources, mining for minerals necessary to our everyday lives, or building homes or other structures.
  • Students will explore the process by “drilling” into candy bars and characterizing the “sample.”
  • Students will answer questions about their observations and discuss the importance of core drilling and what minerals are found and mined in Utah.
  • Students will then construct a scientific explanation for why resources such as oil are not found everywhere in the state.

 

Natural Gas: A Lesson on Density of a Gas

SEEd 8.1.5 Develop a model that uses computational thinking to illustrate cause and effect relationships in particle motion, temperature, density, and state of a pure substance when heat energy is added or removed. Emphasize molecular-level models of solids, liquids, and gases to show how adding or removing heat energy can result in phase changes, and focus on calculating the density of a substance’s state. (PS3.A)

 

Lesson Performance Expectations

Students will be mathematically determine the density of a gas at 2 different temperatures.

 

Minerals in Our Daily Lives

SEEd 8.4.1 Construct a scientific explanation based on evidence that shows that the uneven distribution of Earth’s mineral, energy, and groundwater resources is caused by geological processes. Examples of uneven distribution of resources could include Utah’s unique geologic history that led to the formation and irregular distribution of natural resources like copper, gold, natural gas, oil shale, silver, and uranium. (ESS3.A)

 

Lesson Performance Expectations

Students will explore what a mineral is, where they are found in Utah and what minerals are used for. They will construct a scientific explanation of what causes some minerals to be found in Utah while others aren’t and why the minerals found here are not distributed evenly across the state.

 

Coal Distribution in Utah

SEEd 8.4.1 Construct a scientific explanation based on evidence that shows that the uneven distribution of Earth’s mineral, energy, and groundwater resources is caused by geological processes. Examples of uneven distribution of resources could include Utah’s unique geologic history that led to the formation and irregular distribution of natural resources like copper, gold, natural gas, oil shale, silver, and uranium. (ESS3.A)

Lesson Performance Expectations

Students will compare geological maps of Utah to coal maps of Utah to determine why coal is unevenly distributed across the state.

 

The Many Uses of Petroleum

SEEd 8.1.4 Obtain and evaluate information to describe how synthetic materials come from natural resources, what their functions are, and how society uses these new materials. Examples of synthetic materials could include medicine, food, building materials, plastics, and alternative fuels. (PS1.A, PS1.B, ESS3.A)

 

Lesson Performance Expectations

Students will obtain information about the difference between natural and synthetic materials by creating their own plastic sample from milk. They will compare it to the process of refining oil and obtain information about all the different products that are made from petroleum.

 

Chemistry of Combustion

SEEd 8.1.3 Plan and conduct an investigation and then analyze and interpret the data to identify patterns in changes in a substance’s properties to determine whether a chemical reaction has occurred. Examples could include changes in properties such as color, density, flammability, odor, solubility, or state. (PS1.A, PS1.B)

Lesson Performance Expectations

Students will be able to explain the concept of combustion-burning of materials.