Carbon Cycle Earth Space Science

ESS.3.5 Develop and use a quantitative model to describe the cycling of carbon among Earth’s systems. Emphasize each of Earth’s systems (hydrosphere, atmosphere, geosphere, and biosphere) and how the movement of carbon from one system to another can result in changes to the system(s). Examples could include more carbon absorbed in the oceans leading to ocean acidification or more carbon present in the atmosphere leading to a stronger greenhouse effect. (LS2.B, ESS2.D, ESS3.D)

Lesson Performance Expectations

  • Students will complete a model of the carbon cycle including quantitative data.
  • Students will look at the balance of carbon among the systems and construct an explanation of how the movement of carbon can result in changes to the system.

Using Natural Resources In Utah

SEEd ESS.4.1 Construct an explanation for how the availability of natural resources, the occurrence of natural hazards, and changes in climate affect human activity. Examples of natural resources could include access to fresh water, clean air, or regions of fertile soils. Examples of factors that affect human activity could include that rising sea levels cause humans to move farther from the coast or that humans build railroads to transport mineral resources from one location to another. (ESS3.A, ESS3.B)

 

Lesson Performance Expectations

Students will look at maps of energy sources in Utah and compare it to the geography and population centers in Utah to explain where new sites should be proposed.

 

Hands-On Permeation

SEEd ESS.4.2 Use computational thinking to explain the relationships between the sustainability of natural resources and biodiversity within Earth systems. Emphasize the importance of responsible stewardship of Earth’s resources. Examples of factors related to sustainability could include costs of resource extraction, per-capita consumption, waste management, agricultural efficiency, or levels of conservation. Examples of natural resources could include minerals, water, or energy resources. (ESS3.A)

 

Lesson Performance Expectations

Students will:

Students will obtain information about oil extraction in Utah by performing investigations about porosity and fracking. They will explore how porosity of rocks affects the flow rate of oil and how porosity could be increased through the fracking process, allowing more oil to be extracted. Students will obtain information on how the fracking process could affect Utah’s society, environment, and economy. They will Propose a solution to mitigate the impacts of the fracking process while still using fracking as a way to recover oil.

 

Powering Your Future with an Energy Career

SEEd ESS.4.2 Use computational thinking to explain the relationships between the sustainability of natural resources and biodiversity within Earth systems. Emphasize the importance of responsible stewardship of Earth’s resources. Examples of factors related to sustainability could include costs of resource extraction, per‐capita consumption, waste management, agricultural efficiency, or levels of conservation. Examples of natural resources could include minerals, water, or energy resources. (ESS3.A)

Lesson Performance Expectations

Students will learn about various careers related to energy. Students will learn about specific energy careers based on their interests.

 

Digging into Renewables

SEEd ESS.4.3 Evaluate design solutions for developing, managing, and utilizing energy and mineral resources based on cost-benefit ratios on large and small scales. Define the problem, identify criteria and constraints, analyze available data on proposed solutions, and determine an optimal solution. Emphasize the conservation, recycling, and reuse of resources where possible and minimizing impact where it is not possible. Examples of large-scale solutions could include developing best practices for agricultural soil use or mining and production of conventional, unconventional, or renewable energy resources. Examples of small- scale solutions could include mulching lawn clippings or adding biomass to gardens. (ESS3.A, ETS1.A, ETS1.B, ETS1.C)

Lesson Performance Expectations

Students will learn local sources of energy in Utah and evaluate the environmental and economic cost of various forms of energy.

Exploring Energy Conversions with Alternative Vehicles

SEEd ESS.4.3 Evaluate design solutions for developing, managing, and utilizing energy and mineral resources based on cost-benefit ratios on large and small scales. Define the problem, identify criteria and constraints, analyze available data on proposed solutions, and determine an optimal solution. Emphasize the conservation, recycling, and reuse of resources where possible and minimizing impact where it is not possible. Examples of large-scale solutions could include developing best practices for agricultural soil use or mining and production of conventional, unconventional, or renewable energy resources. Examples of small- scale solutions could include mulching lawn clippings or adding biomass to gardens. (ESS3.A, ETS1.A, ETS1.B, ETS1.C)

Lesson Performance Expectations

Students will perform a cost and environmental analysis of traditional and new alternative energy cars. Describe different alternative fuels and the vehicles they power.

 

Energy Efficiency

SEEd ESS.4.4 Evaluate design solutions for a major global or local environmental problem based on one of Earth’s systems. Define the problem, identify criteria and constraints, analyze available data on proposed solutions, and determine an optimal solution. Examples of major global or local problems could include water pollution or availability, air pollution, deforestation, or energy production. (ESS3.C, ETS1.A, ETS1.B, ETS1.C)

Lesson Performance Expectations

Students will understand the difference between conservation and energy efficiency, discover the importance of energy use in their lives and recognize behavioral and technological approaches to energy efficiency and conservation.

 

Energy Efficiency Makes a Difference

SEEd ESS.4.4 Evaluate design solutions for a major global or local environmental problem based on one of Earth’s systems. Define the problem, identify criteria and constraints, analyze available data on proposed solutions, and determine an optimal solution. Examples of major global or local problems could include water pollution or availability, air pollution, deforestation, or energy production. (ESS3.C, ETS1.A, ETS1.B, ETS1.C)

Lesson Performance Expectations

Students will consider their energy and carbon footprint by conducting a home energy audit. They will create a plan to be more energy efficient in their own homes and consider how their plan could affect the global challenge of energy production.